Cboe U.S. Equities Risk Management
Cboe offers a robust set of risk management tools to help your firm manage the risk of over-executions. Each tool can be used independently as needed or in its entirety based on your firm’s risk management requirements.
Available ToolsClient Risk Categories
Risk settings can be established for each MPID, where risk parameters are enforced for the MPID regardless of how it is being used. There are three client categories where the risk management is employed:
- Direct – Logical ports that are directly owned by the firm where the port may support multiple MPIDs on a single port. The risk management parameters apply to the MPID regardless of whether the MPID is used on a single port or on a port with multiple MPIDs.
- Service Bureau – In a Service Bureau relationship, the Service Bureau owns the logical port, which will support multiple MPIDs on the single port. The firm who owns the MPID will be able to set risk parameters directly for the MPID. A firm may use multiple Service Bureaus with the same or different MPID. Risk settings can be different for each Service Bureau relationship, even if the MPID across two or more Services Bureaus are the same.
- Sponsored Access – Sponsored participants will own the logical port, but the sponsoring firm will be the owner of the MPID. Only the Sponsoring firm will be able to make changes to the risk settings for the MPID.
Firms may allow or prevent the ability to place certain orders based on the order type, order condition or trading session as well as the ability to prevent any new orders. Restrictions include the following:
- Intermarket Sweep Orders
- Directed Intermarket Sweep Orders
- Short Sales
- Pre-Market Trading
- Post-Market Trading
- New Orders
With the exception of the Market On Open and Market On Close orders, any portion of a market order that would execute at a price more than $0.50 or 5 percent worse than the NBBO at the time the order initially reaches the Exchange, whichever is greater, will be cancelled.Order Limits
Orders are rejected when the specified limit is exceeded. Maximum Quantity per Order and Maximum Notional Value per Order limit checks are available.Duplicative Order Protection
Firms can prevent duplicative orders that are entered with the same MPID, side, price, quantity and symbol within a configurable amount of time. The firm can reject the order or disable the logical port used to enter the duplicative orders.Single Order ADV Check
Orders are rejected if they exceed a specified percent for the 20-day ADV for a security.Port-Based Message Rate Limits
Threshold rate values can be entered reflecting the maximum number of messages that can be sent through a single port or a specific symbol. When either value is exceeded, new orders are rejected.Fat Finger Protection
Fat Finger Protection allows firm to have orders rejected if the limit price on the order is priced too aggressively through the NBBO. Cboe has established ranges for percentage and dollar-based limits to provide firms with flexibility when setting the limits.Aggregate Credit Limits
Firms can receive warnings and in addition, reject orders based on selected cutoffs. Firms can configure the following cutoffs:
- Limit Order Notional Cutoff – All orders including limit orders are rejected when the risk measure is exceeded.
- Market Order Notional Cutoff – Market orders are rejected when the risk measure is exceeded.
Short sales can be restricted by symbol where easy to borrow symbol lists may be provided permitting short sale orders to be entered. Firms also have the ability to restrict a specific symbol due to an insider holding status or other SEC mandated regulation requiring the restriction.Order Kill Switch
Firms have multiple options when cancelling orders if necessary, including:
- Cancel on Disconnect, which can be configured by port
- Cancel All Open Orders, which is a cancellation of any and all open orders
- Cancel All Open Orders Excluding GTCs
- Cancel All Open Orders and Block New Orders
The new patent-pending Cboe U.S. Equities Risk Management functionality recently introduced is comprised of three interrelated and complementary enhancements. When taken together, Cboe U.S. Equities Members are enabled with a powerful and flexible risk management solution that provides various levels of granularity. These enhancements include:
- MPID Level Risk Controls – Provides Members and Clearing Firms acting on their behalf the ability to manage risk at the MPID level through Gross and/or Net Notional Risk Thresholds, to subsequently receive notifications to signal when a Member is approaching its designated thresholds, and to authorize the Exchange to automatically block new orders submitted and cancel open orders upon threshold breaches.
- Equity Purge Ports – Enables Members the ability to cancel a subset (or all) open orders across MPID(s), Symbol(s), or ‘RiskGroupID(s)’, across multiple logical ports/sessions.
- Strategy Level Risk Controls – Allows Members to manage risk at a more granular order-by-order level through applying RiskGroupIDs to individual orders submitted. All orders tagged with a specific RiskGroupID may be subject to a ‘RiskGroupID Risk Profile’ created and defined by the Member to include Gross or Net Notional Risk Thresholds per order subset.
Strategy Level Risk Controls coupled with Equity Purge Ports provides Members the ability to effectively manage their exposure across individual desks, strategies, and/or risk profiles through the assignment of orders to user-specified order groups. This ability to group orders by symbol, price, customer, and/or strategy allows for the flexibility to submit subsequent purge requests for all, or subsets of, open orders tailored to varying levels of risk tolerance enabling Members with two layers of risk management: order-by-order maximum risk thresholds defined through ‘RiskGroupID Risk Profiles’, paired with the ability to manually mass-cancel open orders per ‘RiskGroupID’ in the case that certain thresholds are breached, (e.g., 50%, 70% or 90% of total).
The complete Cboe U.S. Equities Risk Management offering is available on the Cboe BZX, BYX, EDGX, and EDGA Equities Exchanges.